More than an existential crisis, Mercosur evinces
serious difficulties related to the methodologies that have been used
to advance its construction.
At the beginning of 2019 and after the inauguration of the government
period of the new President of Brazil, it is timely to highlight some
issues that are critical for modernizing Mercosur and for restoring an
acceptable degree of credibility and effectiveness to it.
The first issue refers to the methodologies used for opening the markets
and their ensuing impact on international trade negotiations. The second
refers to the institutional methodology applied for the adoption of joint
decisions, which also affect the development of the agenda of trade negotiations
with other countries. And the third question refers to the methodology
employed to ensure that the integration process is based and, therefore,
guided by common ground rules.
Certainly, there are other important issues that would need to be
addressed. However, the three mentioned above are those that, after almost
thirty years of developing Mercosur, seem most relevant to keep in mind,
especially in the conversations at the highest political level among the
Moreover, an intense approach would also be required in other relevant
spheres, such as those of the institutions that represent the diverse
social interests -particularly businesses- and of the specialists who
can contribute with their ideas to guide the actions promoted by the political
and social protagonists of the member countries.